Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017, Page: 24-29
Incorporation of Donar Dopant on BaTiO 3 (BTO) Perovskite Structure
Tasmia Zaman, Department of Glass & Ceramic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology (RUET), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mst. Sharmin Mostari, Department of Glass & Ceramic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology (RUET), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Fakhrul Islam, Department of Glass and Ceramic Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: May 10, 2017;       Accepted: May 31, 2017;       Published: Jul. 4, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajn.20170302.12      View  1089      Downloads  36
Abstract
The research was done to understand the influence of nano-sized donar dopant incorporation in barium titanate (BTO) structure. Core-shell structures are stated to form while dopants are added directly to BTO. Low diffusivity of ions in solid state results such core-shell structures. Pure BTO was doped with different concentration of niobium oxide (Nb2O5) (0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 mol %). Single stage sintering at 1250°C, 1275°C and 1300°C was initially chosen. Soaking time was varied from 0 to 2 hours. Sintered samples were taken for further characterization. Percent theoretical density (%TD) of the sintered samples was measured. Microstructure of the sintered samples was revealed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Both temperature and frequency dependent dielectric property was measured using impedance analyzer. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) was also performed. XRD confirmed the diffusion of Nb5+ ions into the BTO lattice. While impedance analyzer and DTA proved the shifting of Curie temperature (TC) from ~120°C to ~71°C. Enhanced dielectric property was observed by the addition of Nb2O5.
Keywords
Percent Theoretical Density, X-Ray Diffraction, Differential Thermal Analysis, Curie Temperature, Permittivity
To cite this article
Tasmia Zaman, Mst. Sharmin Mostari, Md. Fakhrul Islam, Incorporation of Donar Dopant on BaTiO 3 (BTO) Perovskite Structure, American Journal of Nanosciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ajn.20170302.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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